1、With winter coming on, the trees turn yellow and some birds fly south.
=Winter coming on, the trees turn yellow and some birds fly south.
2、With our work having been finished well, we went out for a holiday.
=Our work having been finished well, we went out for a holiday.
3、With the traffic light green, the bus got moving.
=The traffic light green, the bus got moving.
4、With the wedding dinner party(being) over, we left the hotel.
=The wedding dinner party(being) over, we left the hotel.
5、With it being Sunday, the library was closed.
=It being Sunday, the library was closed.
6、With the weather terribly cold, we entered the room to warm ourselves.
=The weather terribly cold, we entered the room to warm ourselves.
7、With us to care for the children you are able to be carefree away from home.
=We to care for the children, you are able to be carefree away from home.（注意此处的we 不得改成us，用了us便不是独立主格结构了。）
8、With the key having been lost, she could not enter the room.
=The key having been lost, she could not enter the room.
1、With time permitting（许可）,we’ll visit the Summer Palace.
=Time permitting, we’ll visit the Summer Palace.
2、With the car going wrong, we’ll have to stop at the foot of the mountain.
=The car going wrong, we’ll have to stop at the foot of the mountain.
1、The mother was cleaning the house with her baby playing on the bed.
=The mother was cleaning the house, her baby playing on the bed.
2、He wore a shirt with the neck open.
=He wore a shirt, the neck open.
3、Last night I followed him, and climbed in, with a sword in my hand.
=Last night I followed him and climbed in, sword in hand.
4、He sat there thinking, with his head on his hand.
=He sat there thinking, head on hand. 注意：若with复合结构在句中作伴随状况状语，且结构模式又是“with+名词+介词短语”，那么with复合结构转换成独立主格结构时，介词前后的两个名词就应该用单数形式且不带包括冠词在内的任何限定词。
举例: He stood there, his hand raised.
= He stood there, with his hand raise.
The murder was brought in, with his hands ___ behind his back。
A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied
答案D. with +名词（代词）+分词+介词短语结构。当分词表示伴随状况时，其主语常常用with来引导。由于本句中名词"手"与分词"绑"是被动关系，因此用过去分词，选D.
当介词是in时，其前后的两个名词均不加任何成分（如物主代词或冠词），也不用复数。但 with 的复合结构不受此限制
A robber burst into the room, knife in hand.
2) 当表人体部位的词做逻辑主语时，及物动词用现在分 词，不及物动词用过去分词。
He lay there, his teeth set, his hand clenched, his eyes looking straight up.
Weather___, we'll go out for a walk.
A permitted B permitting C permits D for permitting
答案B. 本题中没有连词，它不是复合句，也不是并列句。 句中使用了逗号，且we 小写，可知其不是两个简单句。能够这样使用的只有独立主格或with的复合结构。据此判断，本句中使用的是独立结构， 其结构为：名词+分词。 由于permit在这里翻译为'天气允许'，表主动，应用现在分词，故选B。
如果不会判断独立结构作状语的形式，不妨将句子改为条件句，例如本句改为If weather permits, we'll go out for a walk. 然后将if 去掉，再将谓语动词改为非谓语动词即可。